Descartes defines a substance as a thing that does not depend on anything else for its existence that is to say, substance is a self-subsisting thing strictly speaking, then, only god is really a substance, because everything else depends on god for its existence (according to descartes' picture, not only does god initially bring us into. At this point descartes notes that though he was made by god, he is not god-like, but rather “something intermediate between god and nothingness, or between supreme being and non-being” (fourth meditation, 38. The existence of god: according to descartes essays 1758 words 8 pages once descartes has proved his existence by way of the cogito argument, and has determined what it is that belongs to his essence of being a thinking thing, he must move to examining questions about the world around him. Descartes is known for these original arguments that hope to prove god's existence, but later philosophers have often critiqued his proofs as being too narrow and relying on a very suspect premise (hobbes) that an image of god exists within mankind in any case, understanding them is essential to understanding descartes' later work.
This chapter attempts a phenomenological elucidation of what descartes understood by the soul in this aim, the presuppositions of classical phenomenology, either husserlian or post-husserlian, are not applied but instead, quite to the contrary, the chapter appropriates the cartesian concept of the soul and thereby gives the idea of phenomenology a radical meaning. According to descartes, god’s existence is established by the fact that descartes has a clear and distinct idea of god but the truth of descartes’s clear and distinct ideas are guaranteed by the fact that god exists and is not a deceiver thus, in order to show that god exists, descartes must assume that god exists. Descartes’s notions concerning freedom of the will, can lead one to wonder how his belief in a mechanical universe is compatible with his notions of an immaterial mind, a totally free god, and one’s innate ability to express their freedom 66 to descartes, an immaterial mind is possible due to his belief that god is a force which precedes.
René descartes: the mind-body distinction one of the deepest and most lasting legacies of descartes’ philosophy is his thesis that mind and body are really distinct—a thesis now called mind-body dualism he reaches this conclusion by arguing that the nature of the mind (that is, a thinking, non-extended thing) is completely different from that of the body (that is, an extended, non. From descartes to spinoza dr william large for spinoza there is only one substance and this is substance is god god, too, is central to descartes’ philosophy, for without the proof of the existence of god his whole metaphysics would collapse. (pp 14-15) yet the texts in which descartes says god can keep the mind in being while destroying the body and the doctrine of (metaphysically) necessary co-existence can be reconciled if the power that god uses to effect the separation transcends what is (metaphysically) possible. According to descartes’ ontology there are substances, attributes, and modes these are understood relative to one another, in terms of ontological dependence modes depend on attributes, and attributes depend on substances the dependence relation is transitive thus, modes depend ultimately on.
Also important is that, as we have seen, although god was indispensable to descartes' method of arriving at a physical world, once such a world was accepted, descartes introduced (before newton) the concept of momentum of a moving descartes' philosophy interpreted according to the order of reasons: the soul and god [and] the soul and. The assumption of descartes' proof is that the concept of god needs (it necessarily implies) the property of existence, ie when we think at god we are necessarily forced by the same concept to include existence among its intrinsec properties. Descartes's fifth meditation argument for god's existence relies on an untenable notion that existence is a perfection and that it can be predicated of god i shall first explain what descartes's argument for god's existence is, and then present his argument in propositional form.
The concept of god according to descartes and the so called antitheist position of descartes philomon kani rené descartes is often credited with being the “father of modern philosophy. Since the ontological argument ultimately reduces to an axiom, the source of an objection according to descartes' diagnosis is the failure of the objector to perceive this axiom clearly and distinctly. Descartes gives at least two arguments for god's existence the first one, found in i14, is a version of the ontological argument for god's existence descartes' ontological argument goes as follows: (1) our idea of god is of a perfect being, (2) it is more perfect to exist than not to exist, (3) therefore, god must exist. After looking into the concept of god and soul according to descartes, it is important to ask the question is the concept of immortality really a christian concept and is the condemnation of descartes justified in any way by the catholic church. Western concepts of god god created the universe according to eternal patterns in his mind and it is an expression of his thought, however incomplete an expression the cosmos may be that the laws of mathematics and logic are subject to the will of god (descartes' conversation with burman, 22, 90) perhaps the most significant.
For in descartes’ view, if one understands the concept of a triangle, one understands it has three sides, and correspondingly, if one understands the concept of god, one understands that this entity possesses the property of existence. Substance dualism is a type of dualism most famously defended by rené descartes, which states that there are two kinds of foundation: mental and body this philosophy states that the mental can exist outside of the body, and the body cannot think. Descartes arguably shifted the authoritative guarantor of truth from god to humanity (even though descartes himself claimed he received his visions from god)—while the traditional concept of truth implies an external authority, certainty instead relies on the judgment of the individual. Descartes’s proofs for god’s existence by ms dua aeka uriarte descartes’s proof for god’s existence came after he had proven that it is his ability to doubt that proved his very own existence.
Key concepts of the philosophy of rené descartes updated on february 10, 2017 robephiles descartes went on to accept that because god existed he could not necessarily be a deceiver and because god had created his mind, body and senses then the external world must exist key concepts of the philosophy of g w f hegel by robephiles 1. Descartes stated that human possess a body which operates according to physical principle, and a mind that does not he held that the mind and the body had a completely different nature however descartes showed that there is a particular relationship between the mind and the brain. It is evident from reading descartes that he believed in god many philosophers believed that the existence of a soul could then be derived from descartes' dualism theory if the mind is not connected to the body, then it could separate from the body and live on outside of the body in heaven or somewhere else. Is god a mere imaginary composite (a stuck-together concept, like a unicorn, or a perfect island where it’s always sunny, never rainy and fruit is always on the tree) nothing less than an actual supreme being is an adequate source for our idea of god, according to descartes.
While descartes suggests a judeo-christian concept of god, spinoza argues a more monistic deity similar to that of the hindu tradition the most significant difference however, lies within the basis and structure of each argument itself. For many philosophers, god’s existence resolves otherwise unsolvable puzzles the great rationalists —rené descartes, baruch spinoza, and gottfried leibniz—argued that knowledge comes not from the senses, but from reason and innate ideas from there, they developed some fascinating notions of god and the world. Ontological argument (anselm, descartes, and plantinga) st anselm he suggested that the concept of god is that of a supremely perfect being, holding all perfections consequently, the notion of a supremely perfect god who does not exist, descartes argues, is unintelligible therefore, according to his nature, god must exist alvin.