Introduction female circumcision, also referred to as female genital cutting (fgc) and female genital mutilation (fgm), is most prevalent in africa. - female genital mutilation in africa ital mutilation in sudan in the country of sudan, in northern africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or fgm, which used to be known as female circumcision. Excellent analysis, brian, dealing very fairly with the twin misconception that exaggerates the harm of female genital cutting while downplaying the harm and exaggerating the benefits of male circumcision: the very terms embody the prejudice that the first is mutilation, the second a harmless “snip. An analysis of the mayo clinic’s “benefits” of circumcision endorsed by dr alex rotta , professor of pediatrics, case western reserve university and dr gregory boyle , honorary professorial fellow at the university of melbourne, dr cammy benton , dr ryan mcallister , a nd marilyn fayre milos , rn.
The muslim women's league comments: according to sayyid sabiq, renowned scholar and author of fiqh-us-sunnah, all hadiths concerning female circumcision are non-authentic 23 an extensive analysis of classical muslim authors is available online. A study on female genital mutilation in eritrea worku zerai social and gender consultant april 2003 i type of circumcision 14 7 age of circumcision 16 8 person who perform circumcision 18 majora of their female slaves to prevent them from becoming pregnant similarly, the. Technical report male circumcision abstract male circumcision consists of the surgical removal of some, or all, of the foreskin (or prepuce) from the penis.
Technical report male circumcision abstract male circumcision consists of the surgical removal of some, or all, of the foreskin (or prepuce) from the penis it is one of the most common pro- analysis found that the approximate percentage of newborn us males who were circumcised was approxi-mately 591% according to the nhds. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting (fgc) or female circumcision, involves procedures which include the partial or total removal of the external female genital organs for cultural or any other non. Female circumcision and greater opposition to the practice one of the strategies that have been found successful in egypt by the cedpa is the positive deviance approach (pda.
Abstract this work analysis the various arguments put forward by the supporters of female genital mutilation (fgm) under islamic law to find out whether this practice is islamic or whether it is a customary or cultural tradition or is a matter of personal preference in different parts of the muslim world where it exists. Innocenti digest changing a harmful social convention: female genital mutilation/cutting unicef innocenti research centre. To study female genital mutilation and its effect on female sexual function, alexandria, egypt 2013 methods a case–control study was conducted on a convenient sample of 272 circumcised women with their 272 control from 4 randomly selected primary health care centers. Estimating the obstetric costs of female genital mutilation in six african countries david bishai, a yung-ting bonnenfant, a manal darwish, b taghreed adam, c heli bathija, c elise johansen c & dale huntington c for the fgm cost study group of the world health organization a johns hopkins bloomberg school of public health, 615 n wolfe street, baltimore, md, 21205, united states of america. Circumcision is painful and traumatic for babies, can result in feelings of guilt and regret for parents, and can cause significant physical, psychological, and sexual harm to men.
Circumcision, is the most common and severe form of female circumcision (gruenbaum, 2001) this type of circumcision includes the removal of the clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora the remaining parts of the labia majora are sutured together to cover the urethra and the vagina. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a common practice especially performed in women with no anaesthesia or antibiotics and in absence of aseptic conditions the aim of this systematic review is to explore and analyze for first time in the current literature, the clinical evidence related to the. Abstract this paper presents results of a survey on legislation regarding female genital mutilation in 15 european member states, as well as the results of a comparative analysis of the implementation of these laws in belgium, france, spain, sweden and the uk. Jarringly, at least one study conducted by western researchers has shown a link between female circumcision and a reduced prevalence of hiv—a result that the authors, both experienced.
Contending with culture: an analysis of the female genital mutilation act of 1996 erika sussman b international efforts to eradicate female circumcision 199 1 international legal efforts 199 2 the international campaign 202 ii the inextricability of the individual and the cultural:. Circumcision: cultural-legal analysis abbie j chessler concludes that male circumcision is just as barbaric and unjustifiable as female circumcision 56 chessler condemns the failure to equate the procedures as hypocritical she argues that the double standard which accepts and condones male circumcision but condemns female. Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more get started now. By lauren notini and brian d earp note: a condensed version of this article titled iceland's proposed circumcision ban is being cross-published at pursuit for a small country, iceland has had a big impact on global media coverage recently, following its proposed ban on male circumcision before an age of consent.
- female genital mutilation, or female circumcision as sometimes called, is the partial or complete removal of the female clitoris immediately after birth, few years after birth (early childhood), or several years after birth (adolescence. Reproduction of power: a critical discourse analysis on female circumcision merertu mogga frissa thesis submitted to the faculty of graduate and postdoctoral studies. With female circumcision data, the median age of the females ranges from the eighth day after birth in ethiopia, to less than two months in eritrea, between five to eight years in sudan, 10 years in egypt, and as late as 14 or 15 in kenya.
Although female genital mutilation or female circumcision is still nearly universal in egypt, there is some evidence that the social and political climate regarding fgm is changing according to the 2014 egypt demographic and health survey (edhs) 92 % of ever married women between the ages of 15 and 49 were circumcised [ 17 . Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia the practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common. Six girls from a rural village in burkina faso escape from a 'purification' ceremony, the female circumcision ritual that is still practiced in 34 of the 58 nations in the african union two head for the city.